Meet Our Speakers
Framework for behavioural change: towards a safer culture.
Jason Kamalu CSP, CMIOSH, CSS
Jason Kamalu CSP, CMIOSH, CSS is Certified Safety Professional and a Chartered Health and safety practitioner. He holds a Bachelors in Environmental Technology from FUTO and a NEBOSH International diploma in Occupational safety and health, UK. He is also a trained management system auditor of the following standards OHSAS 18001:2007, ISO 14001:2015, and QMS 9001: 2015. He is currently pursuing an MBA programme with the University of South Wales, Cardiff UK.
Effective strategies for improving workplace OSH
Monica is an ISO, QHSE and Business Process Improvement Expert with over 15 years cognate experience in Management Systems Consultancy. She is the Principal Consultant/CEO- Freshfountain Consulting Limited. She has a postgraduate Master’s degree (M.Sc.) in Environmental Mgt. (Distinction) and a B.Sc. in Pure & Applied Chemistry. She is a renowned ISO Certified MS Lead Auditor and Trainer.
Developing prevention culture in SHE practice
Barnabas started his EHS Career 17 years ago in the Oil and Gas Sector. He moved to The FMCG Sector after about 3 years in Oil and Gas Sector. He has worked as an EHS Practitioner in drinks/alcoholic beverages, pharmaceutical, and nutritional health companies within these 17 years of practice. He has both local and international certifications in Occupational Safety, Health and Environment, and has worked within and outside the shores of Nigeria.
Causes & Consequences of Accidents (with particular reference to the oil and gas Industry)
Dr Okeke Gerald Ndubuisi
Dr Okeke is an accomplished HSE Officer spanning over a period of 31 years in the oil and gas industry. He has great passion for HSE and have equally trained up to 5,000 students in higher institutions as a certified Instructor/Trainer by Chevron, Noble Drilling Inc- USA, Institute for Safety Professionals and other professional bodies. He is equally a resourceful person for seminars on HSE, and features on Radio & Television programs, Schools, Churches and oil servicing companies.
Accidents are problems which have been rocking the oil & gas industry; the construction industry and even the Agricultural sector have not been spared of this monstrous invisible element called “Accident”. Accidents don’t just happen, they are primary caused by human errors. The human errors are Unsafe Acts (At Risk behaviors) and Unsafe conditions. When accidents happen, people tend to look for “things” to blame, because it is easier than looking for the “Root causes”.
The research methodology adopted for this paper were through Field Surveys, Questionnaire administration, Personal interviews and Focus group discussions.
The research findings show that 95% of accidents that happened were traceable to At risk behaviors of workers, while 5% of accidents recorded were attributed to Equipment failure. The research also exposed some sharp practices by some companies who supply subs-standard PPE’S, poor working environment, poor motivation, late payment of salaries and allowances to their workers.
Finally, as a way of correcting or reducing accidents at the work sites, this research paper recommends that Companies, Organizations should do everything humanly possible to motivate their workers, by paying good salary, and on time, providing enabling or conducive work environment, and develop good safety programs like Job Safety Analysis (JSA), Planning Phase Hazard Analysis (PPHA),Risk Assessment/Analysis (RA), Stop Work Authority (SWA), should be robustly developed and deployed to the workers as a way of reducing accidents at the work sites. In addition, to the recommendations above, proper orientation and training of personnel both on the job and off the job should be deployed to the personnel as another way of removing the notion or believe that “Accident is one of those things that are bound to happen “.
Keywords: Accident, Company, Workers, environment, perception, Remuneration, Training.
Safety Culture: An Organizational Approach to Managing Risks and Accidents in the Oil and Gas Industry
In the past fifteen years, Njoku have worked as HSSE Officer, HSSE Supervisor, HSSE Coordinator, QHSE Engineer, QHSE Manager and HSSE Manager in various oil and gas contracting companies nationally and internationally.
During this period, he was involved in the HAZID study, HAZOP study, HIRA, Accident investigation and reporting team, Inspection/Audit team, Process hazard analysis, Documentations: procedures, plans, and programs.
Risks are an inherent part of the oil and gas industry as well as all classes of business. There has been a decline in fatalities recorded over the years however; the industry continues to witness accidents that defy explanations given the history and experience of the parties involved. Despite global efforts to ensure workplace safety and prevent accidents, the oil and gas industry still records high accident rates some of which result in avoidable fatalities. This paper underscores the tremendous impact of behaviour-based safety on safety culture directed efforts towards achieving an accident-free workplace. Based on the works from several authors, conclusions were drawn and validated with data gathered through research questionnaire. This paper touches on behavioural safety, safety leadership in risk management and presents some learnings which details simple steps that can be adopted for change in risk and accident management in the oil and gas industry. Key words: Behavioural safety, safety culture, risk and accident management
Risks and Implications of Grounwater Abstraction from Boreholes in Nigeria
With over 22 years experience, Kingsley has played several roles from project development to management and implemetation in disaster mitigation strategies and environmental management, quality control, health promotion, training and content development, as well as the provision of first aid services. He holds Degrees in Engineering and Environmental Resource Management, several HSSE certifications, and is currently the Vice-President, World Safety Organization, Nigeria.
Groundwater from privately owned boreholes constitutes about 80% of potable water source in Nigeria cities (LSWRC, 2013) – a resultant from the decay in infrastructure and consequent collapse of government-owned water utility companies making people seek alternatives. One of which being boreholes. Borehole drilling has become very disturbing which in the long run, can result in environmental hazards including but not limited to over-abstraction of groundwater, salt intrusion, aquifer depletion, water quality degradation, high contamination risks with devastating effects on human health. This trend is particular in most Nigeria cities. The research explored the threats, vulnerability, sustainability, their attendant risks and implications of privately owned boreholes within the Nigerian urban cities using a case study. The research further made basic data available on the subject for further research in borehole drilling as there were at the time of the work no available data within already approached Nigerian agencies nor research topics found.
Effects of Organizational Safety Culture on Employees’ Performance
Ekpe is a resourceful Health, Safety, Environment & Quality (HSEQ) Trainer/Consultant, strategic Risk manager and public speaker with about 11yrs cognate versatile experience, with a mind-set for transferable knowledge, she focuses on Occupational Health & safety and how to contribute to the bottom-line in the profession.
The main objective for assessing the effects of Organisational safety culture on employee’s performance organisations is to determine level of safety culture through a comparative assessment of Safety Management implementation level. A well-structured questionnaire survey was used for the survey. A descriptive and quantitative analysis was utilized using the Kendall’s W-Statistics of concordance to evaluate the level of agreement of safety perception amongst the two categories of respondents (junior and management staff). The oil and gas company had a rather significant level of disagreement amongst junior (Reactive culture level) and management staff (Proactive culture level), though with highest WValues amongst the three sector for management’s commitment but it is within the reactive level. Recommendations suggested are; Nigerian workplaces should incorporate atleast the minimum level of Safety information/awareness that can match the renowned Institution of Occupational Safety and Health Working Safely (IOSH Working Safely) certificate as a minimum requirement for ALL workers, Safety programs involving workers participation should be introduced in the studied sectors, as a way of motivating workers and rewards given to encourage participation especially in sedentary jobs. However, it is worth noting that this research shifted focus from the accidents and accident causal information to a more proactive approach that predicts the effects of each organisational safety culture levels as a snapshot of organisational safety culture.
Keywords: safety, culture, performance, management, organizations
Situational Compass for Safety as Organizational Conscience in Nigeria
Julius A. Akpong
Julius Akpong had his first degree in Applied Chemistry from the University of Calabar. His wealth of experience has spanned over the past thirteen years across Pharmaceuticals, Oil and Gas, power generation, Construction and Aviation safety. He has been an executive committee member and a resource person for the Institute of Safety Professionals of Nigeria, Lagos branch; providing facilitations at HSE trainings to different corporate customers and students, while consulting for multinational clients and researching into global safety concerns
It is sadly noted that while cases of commuting accidents, occupational accidents and occupational ill health have taken a down turn in the developed world, they appear to be on the increase in the developing world. This is true owing largely to persisting work cultures spotted with hazardous life styles and a background almost legalizing routine violations. This must have led Heinrich in the 1930s to propound that accident causation began with the ancestry and social environment, which gave rise to the fault of the person which caused the accident that gave rise to the injury. However, after Bird and Loftus who rerouted the root cause of an accident to lack of management control, even the multi-causation theories which followed, essentially alluded to this fact. This study in agreeing with Bird and Loftus highlights the need for effective leadership in setting and directing the achievement of a zero accident culture within critical organizations and hazardous communities. Safety is the conscience of every organization and boardroom players of organizational politics must put safety considerations at the forefront of planning for sustainability. This study also evolves strategies for safe management of people and resources towards accident prevention.
Keywords: accidents, violations, cultures, management control, conscience, safety, politics, planning.
Climate Change: Adopting Mitigation Strategies for a Sustainable Future
Itohan Egbedion is a multi-award winning QHSE professional with a background in Chemical Engineering and Process Engineering and over 10 years’ experience handling compliance and safety risk reduction with the responsibility of preventing injuries to personnel, damage to assets, harm to company reputation and promoting responsible use of environmental resources.
Climate change is a global challenge cause by increase in the presence of greenhouse gases, deforestation, destruction of marine habitat, population increase with devasting effects like the acidification of oceans, extreme weather phenomena, extinction of some species, massive migrations, changes in ecosystem and desertification and melting and rising seas.
This paper focuses on innovative technologies and ideas that limit the emission of greenhouse gasses or enhance activities that remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. This is because mitigation strategies to combat climate change require the use of new technologies, cleaner energy sources, a change in people perception and modification of older technology for energy efficiency.
Mitigation strategies are currently constrained by the inertia of global and regional trends in economic development, greenhouse gases emissions, natural resource consumption/depletion, unpredictable infrastructure and settlement patterns, poor institutional support and lack of technological advancement.
Newer climate change mitigation technologies face barrier related to capital costs, financing and dependence of markets, institutions and governments on fossil fuels as fossil fuels currently make up 80% of all energy.
For the success of climate change mitigation strategies this paper recommends improved governance, institutional effectiveness, improved financial resources technological innovations, infrastructural development, changes in socio cultural attitudes, behaviors and lifestyle choices of all mankind.
If mankind is to survive the consequences of climate change, we must mitigate its cause for the physical signs and socio-economic impacts of climate change accelerates even as greenhouse gas concentrations drive global temperatures towards increasingly dangerous levels.
Loss Prevention Observation (LPO): A Proactive tool for Enhancing Safety Culture
Cletus A. Akhigbe
Mr. Cletus Akhigbe is the National President –National Industrial Safety Council of Nigeria (NISCN) Nigeria’s oldest safety body. He is a certified and passionate HSE & Quality Professional with practical hands-on the job experience, a great coach who has mentored hundreds of QHSE professionals free with his contagious transfer of knowledge. A very committed believer in the Nigeria Occupational Safety and Health revolution project.
Loss Prevention Observation (LPO) is a standardized, systematic tool for observing a work process and determining if the work is being performed according to company standards/procedures. It is a proactive tool for accident prevention.
Based on Dr. James Bennett over 35 years research and field application LPO Has been found by many countries and business to be a great tool for the reduction of accident /incident to the barest minimum. It gives roles and responsibilities for all workers, workers use their knowledge and experience, supervisors are mentors/coaches, and ensures active manager participation and leadership.
LPO ensures direction from top-down (vision), solve problems from bottom-up (solutions). It is integrated with daily business activities and proactive focus versus reactive. LPO applies to all types of business and emphasis on open communication at all levels on safety issues, it is also a simple concepts and tools for all levels.
Some principles of LPO are provision of positive reinforcement for important correct actions, it constructively identifies and addresses deviations from standards. Research has proven that positive reinforcement for adherence to safe work practices and conditions, coupled with constructive criticism for deviations, is far more effective in changing behavior than either criticism or positive reinforcement alone.
LPO process includes Planning / Preparation, Conduct observation, Hold LPO Feedback Session and Implement Solutions.
It is a practical and inexpensive means of reducing accident and injuries to the barest minimum while improving safety culture. Is uses existing facilities and human resources.
Community-based Emergency preparedness: the reality of the Nigerian society and the way forward
Dare Joseph Akinfosile
Dare Joseph Akinfosile is an Emergency Response Specialist, an Occupational Safety and Health Practitioner and an Emergency Preparedness Instructor with sound knowledge, proven skills and over 20 years of First Aid experience. Pragmatic, results-driven, and strategic. Equipped with good training, leadership, communication, interpersonal relationship and analytical skills; technically inclined in Emergency Management. He is an affiliate member of the World Safety Organization (WSO); and also a member of the Board of Directors, World Safety Organization.
People will always react to an emergency, whether their responses are appropriate or not is another question. The appropriateness of a reaction is dependent on the level of preparedness. Thousands of people are injured and killed every day globally as a result of exposure to hazards and threats, it is, therefore, imperative to be prepared to act in any situation that threatens our safety, health and life. However, it is a sad reality that many Nigerians lack the basics of Emergency Preparedness, Planning and Response. It is common to see that people usually do not know what to do in an emergency, even among the elite professions such as the Police, and among the most literate of the society. Recently, it was reported that a young medical doctor suffered a Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) in a Federal Medical Centre (FMC) and there was no Automated External Defibrillator (AED) to use on him to increase is chances of survival. There was no AED in a federal hospital! Our Life Value System as a nation may be measured by the way we protect lives and respond to a life-threatening situation, if that is the case, Nigeria would in all probability score very low. It is therefore essential for the Nigerian society to improve its Emergency Preparedness programme and to drive a movement of radical change towards the Accident Prevention, and quality Emergency Response.
This will include ensuring that Emergency Preparedness is taken to all communities.
This paper is not intended to share an outcome of research work, but to discuss the reality of the Nigeria society in terms of Emergency Preparedness, Planning and Response, and also to share the author’s experience in promoting Emergency Preparedness in various communities, and suggestions of practicable solutions for an improved system.
Keywords: Accident Prevention, Emergency Preparedness, Emergency Planning, Emergency Response, Community.
Building Safety into Organisational Policies
Chikaodili J. Hemeson
Chikaodili as the current Managing Director, has worked with Henzof Nig. Ltd, for the past 10 years. Before joining Henzof, she worked both locally and internationally with various organisations chiefly in the legal industry. Chikaodili is both a certified safety and legal professional with internationally recognized master’s degrees in law and business administration.
Incurring direct and indirect costs with little to large impacts resulting from workplace incidents, it has become more than necessary for organisations to include safety in all aspects of their operations highlighted in their policies. An absence of policy as common as an occupational safety policy is like a herd moving in different directions. To drive an effective and practical safety culture within and organisation using policy as a tool, we would discuss the different types of direct and indirect costs that an organization may incur from an accident occurring within its workplace. Hence, to prevent these unwanted costs or actions, policies should be set with the nature and structure of the business in mind. Next, to achieve this we will assess the contents of an effective occupational health and safety policy as a primary example. Finally, we would determine if policies are truly effective or merely for beautification on office walls/premises and for certification/compliance purposes.
Universal Health Coverage – First aid as a way forward
Oghenetejiri C. Ovwigho-Ugbede & Oghale C. Osula
Oghenetejiri is a nationally certified first aid trainer with the Nigerian Red Cross Society who has taught first aid in several parts of Nigeria. He is also a safety professional who weekly devotes to teaching first aid and safety on radio to an audience across 5 states. He is the founder and chief executive officer of Retter Consult which focuses on the teaching and advancement of health and safety in Nigerian.
In the quest to bring quality health care closer to everyone, global attention has shifted to what is now known as Universal Health Coverage as a means of achieving the Sustainable Development Goal 3. Universal health coverage is a goal aimed at improving overall health outcome worldwide by making access to high quality health services more affordable and equitably distributed (USAID, 2017). Yet, health care costs money to provide, and on the front burner of this discourse is the cost of health care delivery based on demographics and their health care needs. According to WHO, Universal Health Coverage (UHC) means that all people and communities can use the Promotive, Preventive, Curative, Rehabilitative and Palliative health services they need, of sufficient quality to be effective, while also ensuring that the use of these services does not expose the user to financial hardship (WHO, 2010). This paper hopes to show how respite can be drawn from first aid in providing care for some health needs, thus reducing the overall cost of health care delivery which tends to breed hospital apathy among locals. It is drawn from the experience of the contributors; a public health physician, and a first aid trainer. Data was pooled from available global and local statistics and individual (privileged) experience.
Keywords: Healthcare, First aid, SDG, Community health
An Integrated Approach to a Sustainable Waste Management in Nigeria
Agharese Lucia O.
Arese is an Eco-Consultant with over seventeen years’ experience in Occupational Health, Safety and Environmental field specializing in providing sustainable solutions to organizations. She is a postgraduate from Imperial College, London; a Climate Leader with work experience in different sectors; a Competent Communicator and have worked in London, Germany and Nigeria.
This paper is based on literature research and engagement with various stakeholders in waste management value chain.
The waste management hierarchy emphasizes that waste reduction is the most effective means of reducing environmental impacts. Promoting awareness and education should be of high priority in achieving set targets. However, the waste value chain should be considered, an integrated approach will be more effective if applied to enhance the resource recovery and recycling of waste.
Identified some challenges that hinder implementation of an effective waste management to include lack of education/awareness, inadequate collection system, lack of adequate infrastructure for the waste value chain and inadequate enforcement of the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) policy.
Recommendations to support the provision of a sustainable waste management in Nigeria include the establishment of partnerships with different stakeholders in the waste value chain such as registered collectors/ recyclers through the Recyclers Association of Nigeria (RAN), maintaining a databank for tracking and monitoring different waste streams, promoting investment in long term projects such as “waste to energy” and improved community engagement at the grassroot level through campaigns, capacity building and incentive programs
Effective waste management can be achieved through application of an integrated approach through the waste value chain. The establishment of Producer Responsibility Organization (PROs) will be a key driver to implementation of the EPR.
Keywords: Waste Management, Sustainability, Value Chain, Recycling, Segregation, Environmental
An Assessment of Indigenous Knowledge of Flood Coping Strategies in Nigeria.
Edidiong E. Usip
Since joining the Polytechnic, Edidiong has been involved with studies related to layout designs, and Environmental Impact Assessment for various projects in different sectors of the economy. Edidiong has been lecturing for the past ten years, and also practice as a registered town planner since 2013.
Flood disaster has reached an alarming rate globally given its devastating effects on lives and properties. In Nigeria, more lives and properties have been lost to flooding than any other type of natural hazard. The response to the disaster thus varies from community to community. In Akwa Ibom State, flood is an annual experience and the people’s response in form of preparedness, planning, management and recovery vary from community to community depending on strategies available. The study aimed at assessing the indigenous knowledge of flood coping strategies in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The objectives were to (i) investigate the frequency of flood disaster in the area, (ii) identify the indigenous flood coping strategies in the area (iii) assess the effectiveness of the various coping strategies, (iv) identify the most effective indigenous flood coping strategies in the area. The study employed survey research method. Primary and secondary data were used to obtain data for the study. Multiple Linear Regression was used to test the level of functionality of the indigenous flood coping strategies. Findings revealed that 13 out of the 14 coping strategies assessed were functional, and should be adopted as part of Flood Risk Management approaches in the State in order to curb flood related casualties.
Keywords: Indigenous Knowledge, flood, coping strategies, disaster.
National Roundtable on HSSE
ANCHOR: Engr. Jamiu Badmos
Engr. Jamiu Badmos is a versatile, analytical and passionate QHSSE & Business Sustainability Executive with over 18 years practical hands-on approach, strong coaching skills and International certifications in Environmental Law, Quality, Health, Safety, Security, Environment, Business Continuity, Business Process, Enterprise Risk Management and Management System Standards (ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 45001). As a Chartered Engineer with innovative ideas to deliver tasks meticulously, timely and passionately, Jamiu have translated excellent QHSSE performance into operational excellence for over forty two (42) companies including Multi-nationals in Oil & Gas, Telecoms, Manufacturing, Banking, Logistics, Construction and Power sectors of the economy. As a Strategist, He has attended several Executive Courses in Prestigious Institutions including Harvard Business School and the Lagos Business School. He is the Executive Director and Strategist, Safety Advocacy & Empowerment Foundation (SAEF).